December 24, 1970: Awe and Wonder

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(Pictured L to R: Janee Michelle, Venetta Rogers, Erin Murphy, David Lawrence, and Elizabeth Montgomery in “Sisters at Heart,” the episode of Bewitched airing on December 24, 1970.)

December 24, 1970, is a Thursday. It is Christmas Eve. Newspapers are crowded with ads from merchants extending holiday greetings, although a few retailers advertise last-minute gift ideas or reduced-price Christmas decorations, and some restaurants plug their holiday hours. The National Christmas Tree Growers Association estimates that 50,000 retailers across the country will sell about 45 million trees this year, grossing about $200 million, comparable to 1969 figures.

The U.S. Central Command announced today that 23 Americans died in Vietnam during the week of December 12-18, the lowest weekly total since October 1965. American and South Vietnamese troops suspend offensive operations for 24 hours beginning at 5AM Eastern time this morning, which is 6PM Saigon time. The Viet Cong have already announced a 72-hour cease-fire, which was to begin at noon yesterday. American bombers will continue to hit targets in Cambodia and Laos, where the cease-fire orders do not apply. The Nixon Administration’s 1971 budget proposal, to be sent to Congress next month, will include $1.3 billion to facilitate an all-volunteer army by 1973. Money will be spent on enlistment bonuses and higher pay for those who agree to serve in combat infantry, artillery, and armored units. Up to $20 million will be spent on “prime TV and radio time” for recruiting commercials rather than relying on free public-service announcements. Elsewhere, the new budget will not include any new federal spending on health care, but a Nixon advisor says the administration wants to make medical care available to all Americans, reform the health-care delivery system, and concentrate on prevention of both disease and accidents.

No games are scheduled in the NBA or ABA tonight. The Milwaukee Bucks have the NBA’s best record at the holiday break, 26-and-6. The Utah Stars, Virginia Squires, and Kentucky Colonels are the ABA’s best teams, each with 23 wins. The National Hockey League is also quiet tonight. The National Football League playoffs will begin on Saturday.

Laura Nyro plays a Christmas Eve show at the Fillmore East in New York City with Jackson Browne opening. (The two have begun a brief romance.) On TV tonight, CBS presents Family Affair, a Christmas edition of The Jim Nabors Show, and the 1962 theatrical movie The Password Is Courage. NBC presents Christmas episodes of The Flip Wilson Show and The Dean Martin Show along with Ironside and Nancy, a sitcom about the daughter of the President of the United States, who marries a small-town Iowa veterinarian. ABC airs Matt Lincoln (with Vince Edwards, former Ben Casey star, playing a hip young psychiatrist at work in an urban neighborhood), Bewitched, Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, and The Immortal. Some local stations pre-empt network programming to air their own Christmas Eve choices. After the late local news, many stations broadcast Christmas Eve church services, holiday concerts, and/or Christmas movies.

A young farm family in southern Wisconsin, with kids aged 10, 8, and 4, does not watch TV on this night. The milking is done early. They have supper and attend Christmas Eve services, then return home to open presents. Later, they will begin waiting for Santa to come.

At WLS in Chicago, “My Sweet Lord” by George Harrison holds at #1 again this week. “Knock Three Times” by Dawn is up to #2, and “One Less Bell to Answer” by the Supremes Fifth Dimension is at #3. “Stoned Love” by the Supremes (#4) and “No Matter What” by Badfinger (#6) make strong moves within the Top 10. New entries in the Top 10 are “Black Magic Woman” by Santana (#7) and “Domino” by Van Morrison (#9). The biggest movers on the survey are “Lonely Days” by the Bee Gees, up 12 spots to #16, and “River Deep, Mountain High” by the Supremes and the Four Tops, up 8 spots to #17. At 3:00 this afternoon, WLS suspends its regular programming, and for the next 24 hours airs a special called the Holiday Festival of Music.

Perspective From the Present: I first told the story of Christmas Eve 1970 during this website’s very first Christmas season in 2004, and have retold it many times since. I look back on that night with a sense of awe and wonder, the kind a religious person might feel while reading the creation story, because in a very important sense, the person I became, the one I am today, was born that night.

So, from our bedecked halls to yours, as Nat King Cole sang to me 50 years ago on Christmas Eve:

I’m offering this simple phrase
To kids from one to 92
Although it’s been said many times, many ways
Merry Christmas to you

Doin’ the Christmas Shuffle, Vol. 22

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(Pictured: Mary J. Blige on stage at Christmas 2013.)

It has been three years since I managed two of these Christmas shuffle features in one holiday season, so pin a rose on me, I guess. This playlist covers better than 60 years and a whole lotta styles.

“Moonlight, Mistletoe, and You”/Keb’ Mo’. This is the title song from Keb’ Mo’s 2019 Christmas album, which is not so much a blues record as it is an affable soul singer providing a pleasant 35 minutes of entertainment. I believe our friend Jeffrey Thames sent it along last year, and I don’t think I ever publicly thanked him, so thank you sir.

“I Yust Go Nuts at Christmas”/Orion Samuelson and the Uff-Da Band. Samuelson, a titan of broadcasting, has been at WGN in Chicago for 60 years and will retire at the end of this year, age 86. I can’t say for sure when his Yogi Yorgesson cover was recorded, but I don’t suppose it matters.

(Digression: there’s an amazing recording from November 22, 1963, in which Samuelson interrupts his noontime farm report to read the bulletin from Dallas. All he’s got is the first brief notice, little more than one line, and you can hear him thinking, “My god, what should I do now?” before deciding to continue with the farm news. But as he reads, it’s clear that he’s looking through the studio window into the newsroom praying that somebody will bring him more information.)

“God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen”/Aimee Mann
“God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen”/Billy Idol
Both of these are on albums released in 2006. Idol’s Happy Holidays is far better than it had to be. On One More Drifter in the Snow, Mann was going for a Charlie Brown Christmas vibe, but it’s mostly just morose. (Whole album here.)

“Christmas In Dixie”/Alabama. “Christmas In Dixie” came out in December 1982, when Alabama was just beginning its incredible run of success. Country stations still play it, although pop stations that might have done so when Alabama was crossing over do not. I like it, mostly for reminding me of Christmases from when I was a little baby DJ nearly 40 years ago.

“White Christmas”/Patti Smith
“White Christmas”/Hadda Brooks
Smith’s one-time run-through of “White Christmas” was released sometime around 1978, billed to “r.e.f.m.”, put out over the years on a couple of different labels, and produced by “the Runt,” Todd Rundgren. Brooks was a ballad and boogie-woogie piano player who first recorded in 1945, and so her “White Christmas,” from 1950, includes a long and lovely piano interlude. It came to me from the always-excellent site Any Major Dude With Half a Heart, where the Dude has reupped his entire collection of Christmas mixes. Stock your collection with 90 years of good stuff here.

“It’s the Most Wonderful Time of the Year”/Patti Labelle. Since my Christmas library plays mostly on shuffle, certain songs get overlooked, often for years at a time, and so I forget they exist. For example, there’s this complete reinvention of the Andy Williams warhorse from a 2007 album called Miss Patti’s Christmas.

“This Christmas”/Mary J. Blige. A Mary Christmas was released in 2013 and contains this terrific cover of the Donny Hathaway standard, which celebrates its 50th anniversary this year.

“I’ll Be Your Santa Baby”/Rufus Thomas. The stars of Stax recorded a fair bit of Christmas music during the label’s heyday. Some of it which was collected on It’s Christmas Time Again, released in 1982, an album replaced by Christmas In Soulsville, released in 2007. “I’ll Be Your Santa Baby” makes the Hip Christmas List of Sexiest Christmas Records, which is a good horny read. (Hip Christmas is a fabulous site I hadn’t visited in several years until recently. You should go there too and explore its “dysfunctionally vast web archive dedicated to holiday music that rocks, rolls, swings, and twangs.”)

Note to patrons: Here’s our programming rundown for the remainder of 2020: there will be new One Day in Your Life posts here on both Christmas Eve and Christmas Day because they’re my favorite thing to write. Next week Monday and Tuesday you’ll read about another American Top 40 year-end countdown show. On New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day, there will more new One Day in Your Life posts.

Also: I am not doing a Christmas podcast this year. If you want to listen to last year’s, find it here. (I listened to it again myself. It’s good.)

Also also: I will be on the air during Magic 98‘s annual 98 Hours of Christmas Magic tomorrow and Thursday from 6 til 10AM. I hope you’ll drop in for a while.

Christmas Portraits

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(Pictured: Karen and Richard Carpenter with a Grammy, circa 1971.)

In 1944, Frank Pooler was a lovelorn teenager in Onalaska, Wisconsin, missing his sweetheart at Christmastime, so he wrote her a song. It didn’t help the romance, although 22 years later, Pooler’s students at Cal State Long Beach (where he directed the university choir) occasionally sang it. Two of his students, Karen and Richard Carpenter, had a band that played parties, and they were looking for new material for their Christmas gigs. Pooler suggested that Richard write new music for his old lyrics, which he did. The revised “Merry Christmas Darling” became part of the band’s regular setlist, sung by Karen.

By 1970, the Carpenters were a national success. “Close to You” had done a month at #1 in the summer of 1970, and the time seemed right for a Carpenters Christmas record. So Richard Carpenter worked up an orchestra arrangement of “Merry Christmas Darling” (which featured an improvised saxophone solo by Bob Messenger, who would play on most of the Carpenters’ hits). It was so different from the version that Pooler knew that when he first heard it on the radio, he didn’t recognize it as his song.

“Merry Christmas Darling” was released on November 20, 1970, and it became an instant hit, going to #1 on Billboard‘s Christmas singles chart. Many stations charted it locally: it went to #1 in Hilo, Hawaii, then in Pittsburgh and Columbus, and was a Top-10 hit in several other cities, at about the same time the Carpenters’ “We’ve Only Just Begun” was in heavy rotations everywhere. It went to #1 on Billboard‘s Christmas singles chart in 1971 and 1973, and also charted in 1972 and 1983. “Merry Christmas Darling” did not appear on an album until 1978, when Karen recut her vocal for A Christmas Portrait. The 1978 version is the one you’re more likely to hear nowadays; a couple of iffy sources say Karen thought she was pitched too low on the 1970 recording. Both versions are pretty great, however, and it’s hard to hear much difference.

Some radio stations playing “Merry Christmas Darling” in December 1970 were on another new Christmas song at the same time. José Feliciano had first come to prominence in the summer of 1968 with an acoustic version of the Doors’ “Light My Fire” (which is a completely different take on the original and in some ways superior to it). In October, he sang “The Star-Spangled Banner” before a World Series game, an introspective acoustic performance that many people considered disrespectful. Some fans at the game booed him, and afterward, there were calls for him to be deported. (Since he’s Puerto Rican, he would have been deported to . . . the United States.) It was the first time most people had heard a personalized rendition of the National Anthem, but it would not be the last. It opened the way for others, from Jimi Hendrix to Marvin Gaye to Roseanne, and many more.

Two years later, Feliciano was working up a Christmas album, and at the suggestion of his producer, he wrote a new song. He worried about measuring up to Irving Berlin and other Christmas-song writers, so he decided to play to his strengths, writing in a Puerto Rican style, using traditional instruments and Spanish lyrics. The finished recording, “Feliz Navidad,” had only about 20 words, but its joyful simplicity caught on fast. It appeared on a handful of radio surveys in 1970 and was #5 at KIMN in Denver. Oddly, “Feliz Navidad” never appeared on Billboard‘s Christmas singles chart in 1970, or in any other year, until it made the adult-contemporary chart during the 1997 Christmas season. (It’s back on the Hot 100 this year, one of many Christmas songs from the distant past that are hits again thanks to easy streaming and downloading.) The Feliz Navidad album made Billboard‘s Christmas album chart once, in 1973.

There is a plausible argument that after a half-century of annual airplay, nobody really needs to hear either “Merry Christmas Darling” or “Feliz Navidad” again. You can’t really fault people whose reaction to either one of them is to dial-punch or skip. But there’s an equally plausible argument that Christmas would not be Christmas without them. Like the other popular songs of the season, they take us to places we remember, places we are eager to visit. They’ve done it before, and they’ll do it again, probably until the end of time.

This year is also the 50th anniversary of Donny Hathaway’s “This Christmas.” I won’t be writing about it here, but since somebody already did it better, that’s no great loss. 

Doin’ the Christmas Shuffle, Vol. 21

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(Pictured: I was going to post a pic of Emmylou Harris alone, but when you can post three queens all at once, you do it. This is from the 2019 Musicares gala.)

I never get through my entire laptop Christmas library every year. In fact, some of the stuff on it hasn’t been favored by the gods of shuffle in a long time. To assemble this playlist, I loaded up everything that hasn’t been on since 2015 or earlier.

“Child of Winter (Christmas Song)”/Beach Boys. The band released the hit compilation Endless Summer in June 1974, so the marketplace would have been primed for something new that Christmas. But they dropped “Child of Winter” on December 23, 1974, which made sure practically nobody heard it. And by Christmas of 1975, it was forgotten.

“The Little Drummer Boy”/Harry Simeone Chorale. I have said many times over the years that the Chorale’s 1958 recording is the only version of “The Little Drummer Boy” you need. A ghostly mixed chorus carries the melody over a bed of manly rum-pa-pum-pums, and you can get lost in the sound of it. Every other vocal version foregrounds the verse and you have to actually listen to the words, which dilutes the charm of it pretty fast.

“O Little Town of Bethlehem”/Emmylou Harris. From Light of the Stable, released in 1979, an album I remember playing on the radio as a little baby DJ. Like the rest of the album, “O Little Town of Bethlehem” is gorgeous, and Emmylou sings a verse you don’t frequently hear.

“My Favorite Things”/Supremes. This year’s annoying millennial Internet Christmas trope, which I have seen several times already, is “why is ‘My Favorite Things’ a Christmas song?” I refer you (and them) to this 2017 piece from Billboard, which traces it to a 1964 Jack Jones album. His producer didn’t think it was Christmassy either, until a song plugger said, “Just put some sleigh bells on it.”

“The Christmas Song”/John Edwards. Edwards was recently mentioned at this site in a discussion of porn mogul Michael Thevis and the record labels he used to launder money. This draggy 1976 version of the Nat King Cole classic runs five minutes and seems longer.

“Christmas Song”/Phoebe Bridgers. This is a different song from the one Edwards is singing, and I don’t care much for the watery, distorted production on it, or the unresolved chord it ends on. (Those sorts of tricks are done everywhere now, in pop, country, indie, and elsewhere, and I’m old, so it’s clearly a Me Problem.) Despite that, Bridgers sings a devastating lyric beautifully: “The sadness comes crashing like a brick through the window / And it’s Christmas so no one can fix it.”

“We Wish You a Merry Christmas”/Kim Weston. Just as Bridgers’ “Christmas Song” is not Nat’s, Weston’s “We Wish You a Merry Christmas” is not the round many of us learned to sing in grade school. Weston, one of Motown’s early stars, recorded it in 1962, which you could probably guess from the sound of it.

“Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!”/Roomful of Blues. The 1997 album Roomful of Christmas is never one I consciously put on and listen to in its entirety, but every time a track comes up on shuffle I think, “Damn, this stuff is really good.”

“Yingle Bells”/Yogi Yorgesson. Ol’ Yogi, the alter ego of parodist Harry Stewart, is mentioned at this website most Christmases, I think. Dad was a fan, and I have inherited the singles he bought in the early 1950s. “I Yust Go Nuts at Christmas” is most famous, but this was the flip side.

“Happy Xmas (War Is Over)”/Sarah McLachlan. Certain songs probably shouldn’t be covered because the originals are so compelling and unique, so that’s one reason to dislike this. It also has a children’s chorus on it, which is another. But you know what? I’ll allow it, mostly because the video (linked above) is a lovely thing, inspiring the sort of warm feelings and good cheer we all hope to feel at Christmastime, and because McLachlan sings the song beautifully.

The Christmas Shuffle series began at this website in 2007, and in each of the last several years, I have managed to do it only once. Will there be a second shuffle before the big day arrives? It’s always a mystery.

The Last Month of the Year

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(Pictured L to R: John Stewart, Nick Reynolds, and Bob Shane of the Kingston Trio. Stewart, who would later become a solo act, replaced Dave Guard in 1961.)

Every year, we are fascinated by the endurance of the Christmas canon. While some new music creeps in around the edges each new season, the most popular music is always stuff that was made 40, 50, 60 years ago, or more.

In 1960, then as now, record labels began preparing for Christmas long before the decorations went up. In October, Capitol Records took out a full-page ad in Billboard plugging new Christmas releases by stars including the Kingston Trio, Nat King Cole, Peggy Lee, and organist Virgil Fox. Retailers could choose a couple of different packages featuring the new releases and popular back-catalog items by the Jackie Gleason Orchestra, Frank Sinatra, and Tennessee Ernie Ford. Also new for Christmas 1960 were albums by Andre Kostelanetz and His Orchestra, opera singer Eileen Farrell, and jazz trumpeter Shorty Rogers, whose A Swingin’ Nutcracker used themes from the famous ballet as a starting point for “swinging big-band works.”

At that moment, pop stars didn’t come bigger than the Kingston Trio, so a Christmas album was a natural. As the avatars of the folk-music boom, the group had hit #1 on the Billboard album chart five times and #2 once since late 1958, spending a total of 46 weeks at #1. The Kingston Trio at Large was the #1 album for the entire year of 1959. They would continue to move albums in huge numbers from 1961 through 1963, when seven straight albums releases would make the Top 10. (Their singles chart performance was less impressive, although chances are you know a couple of them. “Tom Dooley” was a #1 hit in 1958; “Where Have All the Flowers Gone” was big in 1962.) Their 1960 Christmas album, The Last Month of the Year, went to #11, although it did not become a yearly perennial; 1960 was the only year in which it charted on the Billboard album or Christmas charts.

As for the others, Nat King Cole’s The Magic of Christmas was not an especially big hit in 1960, but when it was reissued in 1963 with Nat’s 1961 version of “The Christmas Song” included, it became one of the great successes in pop-music history. The retitled album The Christmas Song is the largest-selling Christmas album released in the 60s, and it’s moved something like six million copies over the years. Peggy Lee’s Christmas Carousel contains a mix of carols and original songs. The best-known is probably “I Like a Sleighride,” a version of “Jingle Bells” that pulls off a neat trick: despite the presence of a children’s chorus, Peggy still smolders enough to melt snow.

Billboard seems to have got it wrong about Virgil Fox, however. The exhaustive discography at a tribute site devoted to him does not show a Christmas release that year. He had done a couple in the 1950s; two more were released in 1965. But it’s worth taking a few sentences to discuss him, because he was an unlikely star. From 1946 to 1965, Fox was was the organist at the famed Riverside Church in New York City, playing one of the largest church organs in captivity. After retiring from church work, he took a giant organ on tour, playing classical pieces accompanied by light shows; his “Heavy Organ” shows attracted rock music fans. (Bach Live at Fillmore East, recorded on December 1, 1970, was his only album to make Billboard‘s main chart; he also cut live albums at Winterland and Carnegie Hall.) Fox frequently appeared on TV talk and variety shows, and he eventually became a classical-music popularizer on the order of Leonard Bernstein, until his death in 1980.

Postscript: During my early years in radio, stations would dig out a big dusty stack of Christmas albums sometime in November, either for airplay or for background music on commercials, and albums not just by Virgil Fox but other prominent organists would be among them, including Eddie Dunstedter, Richard Keyes Biggs, and E. Power Biggs. This sort of vintage organ music ain’t for everybody. For example, Dunstedter’s 1959 The Bells of Christmas, a pipe organ and chimes record, provides 180-proof holiday atmosphere in small doses but becomes positively funereal at full album length. His 1965 album Christmas Candy puts him behind a smaller organ and in front of a band, and its lounge-music vibe goes down a lot easier.

You’re not hearing these organists on the radio today. But if you come to my house, it’s a different story.

Christmas Revival

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(Pictured: Phoebe Bridgers.)

(Before we begin: I am humbled by the comments I have received both here and on social media regarding my latest podcast episode. I’m glad it struck a chord with so many people.) 

At our house, Thanksgiving is not a mere speed bump on the way to Christmas. We do not bust out the Christmas music until the day after Thanksgiving.

Not everyone does this, of course. Radio stations across the country started switching to all-Christmas in early November, and in lots of markets (Madison is one of them), there’s more than one. Stations have found that Christmas music provides a reliable ratings boost, and this year, that boost is liable to be bigger than ever. Remember last spring, when people put their Christmas trees back up, cable channels ran Christmas movies, and a few radio stations played Christmas music for a while? If people were thirsty for holiday diversion in the early days of the pandemic, that thirst is likely to be even greater after a few months of it.

In the runup to Thanksgiving we do, however, keep an eye and ear out for music we might want to listen to once the season arrives. And like almost everybody else, we end up listening mostly to music we have listened to before.

—Earlier this year, Chicago’s Mighty Blue Kings were preparing to start playing live again after several years of hibernation, and then the pandemic intervened. They did, however, remaster and reissue their Christmas album, released in 2000. It’s one of the albums we listen to most often around here every Christmas, and it’s the best thing the band ever did, featuring their fabulous version of the William Bell/Booker T. Jones composition “Every Day Will Be Like a Holiday.”

—The 1963 album A Christmas Gift to You From Phil Spector has been a part of my holiday music collection practically from the start: it will be 50 years this Christmas since I first heard selections from it on the old WLS Holiday Festival of Music. Legacy Recordings has done new animated videos for a couple of the songs. The Ronettes’ “Sleigh Ride” is charming, and I’m not gonna lie, it got a little dusty in the office while I watched Darlene Love’s “Christmas (Baby Please Come Home).”

—At the end of 1973, a year in which America’s future started to look wobbly and bleak, Merle Haggard recorded a song about hard times called “If We Make It Through December,” which did a month at #1 on the Billboard country chart and crossed over to pop. When Haggard died in 2016, I wrote:

Saturday night is not always a party. Sunday morning does not always bring redemption. We are not destined to win all the time, in love or in anything else. Country music—any form of art, really—is lying to us if it fails to acknowledge all that. In truth, the only thing we know for sure is that we’re gonna have to deal with some shit. Maybe times will get better, and maybe they won’t. Maybe there will be a happy ending, and maybe there won’t.

And now here we are, facing another December not unlike the one in 1973. This time, we are not looking at recession and inflation and energy shortages. This time, every American is being stalked by a potentially deadly disease in a country whose leaders have been mostly unable to rise to the moment. The worst of them are stupidly encouraging behaviors that will cause people to get sick and/or die, or to lose their livelihoods, unnecessarily. Until January 20, our president is a petulant child, enabled by a political party that has stopped believing in democracy. There’s new, more competent leadership on the horizon, and a coronavirus vaccine too, but right now, they’re just promises. Maybe times will get better, and maybe they won’t. Maybe there will be a happy ending, and maybe there won’t.

Not since 1973 has there been a more appropriate time for a revival of “If We Make It Through December.” Singer/songwriter Phoebe Bridgers, nominated for the Best New Artist Grammy just last week, has put her own spin on the song. It’s part of a four-song Christmas EP that also includes her update of Simon and Garfunkel’s “Seven O’Clock News/Silent Night” with Fiona Apple and Matt Berninger of the National, which was first released last year. You won’t know how much you needed it until you listen to it.

If we make it through December
Got plans to be in a warmer town come summertime . . . .
If we make it through December, we’ll be fine